Complications of Obesity
Obesity and being overweight are considered to be metabolic disorders caused by a host of medical reasons.
A person is considered to be underweight if his/her BMI is < 19. Being overweight is observed when the BMI is between 19-24. Obesity is the chronic phase of being overweight and occurs when the BMI is > 30. Being overweight and obesity are caused when there is an imbalance between calories consumed and calories exhausted. These conditions are also caused because of certain medical conditions including hypothyroidism, depression, diabetes and heart diseases. Certain medications like steroids, antidepressants can also lead to being overweight and obese.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure is a condition also known as hypertension, which is seen when the force of blood exerts pressure on the walls of arteries and veins.
Increased level of sugar or glucose in blood is a symptom of Diabetes. It is the key energy source, generated from the food we consume. Insulin, secreted by pancreas, acts as a catalyst by supporting glucose to convert food into energy.
Stroke is caused when there is irregularity in the flow of blood to the human brain. Also known as Ischemic stroke, it happens due to blocked arteries which are connected to the brain. Several other strokes, such as Hemorrhagic stroke, are a result of bursting of blood vessels causing brain tissues to bleed.
A heart attack is the death of a segment of heart muscles caused by a loss of blood supply. The blood is usually cut off when an artery supplying the heart muscles is blocked by a blood clot. If some of the heart muscle die, a person experiences chest pain and electrical instability of in the heart muscle tissue.
Digestive fluid gets hardened and deposits in gall bladder, a tiny organ in the shape of pear which is situated in the right side of abdomen, below liver. Bile, a digestive fluid, is secreted by gall bladder and released into small intestine.
People with increased levels of uric acid in blood might fall prey to inflammatory arthritis like Gout. Extreme aching, soreness, inflammation, heat and swelling can be caused due to the formation of acid in the joint as needle-like crystals.
Breakdown, inflammation and loss of joint cartilage is caused due to Osteoarthritis (OA). It results in joint aches and movement problem because the cartilage is worn down.